Training agencies may arrange placements with employers (placement hosts) to give unpaid trainees work skills and experience.
A placement host that is in a mandatorily covered industry listed in Schedule 1 or Schedule 2 under the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, 1997 (WSIA) or has by application coverage must provide the unpaid trainee with WSIB coverage. It is the placement host that is expected to pay workplace insurance costs, unless:
- the WSIB allows the training agency to deem itself the trainee's employer, or
- the training program is government-funded for WSIB costs.
The purpose of this policy is to identify who is a trainee and who is the employer of a trainee for WSIB purposes.
A "trainee" is an unpaid learner placed by a training agency to gain practical work experience with a placement host. Some trainees, however, may be paid under the Ontario Works Program (see below).
A trainee may be covered for the placement portion of a training program, but is not covered for the classroom portion of a program carried out on a training agency's premises.
A trainee who sustains a work-related injury or disease while on placement is entitled to WSIB benefits as a worker, if:
- the employer of the trainee (either the training agency or the placement host) is covered under the WSIA, or
- the training program is government-funded for WSIB costs.
For detailed definitions of "unpaid trainee" and "learner", see 12-04-04, Individuals on Unpaid Training Placements.
Placement host as employer
A "placement host" is a person with whom a training agency places a trainee to give the trainee work skills and experience.
Normally, a placement host who is covered under the WSIA either mandatorily or by application, is considered the employer of a trainee during placement training and is responsible for WSIB premiums and any claims costs.
However, the placement host is not responsible for WSIB insurance costs if:
- the training agency has elected to be considered the employer of the trainee during the placement, or
- the training is provided through a government-funded program.
For government-funded programs, the placement host continues to be the employer for the purposes of the WSIA.
Training agency as employer by election
A "training agency" is:
- a person who is registered under the Private Career Colleges Act to operate a private career college
- an educational institution, or
- a person, partnership, organization, trade union or other entity that arranges vocational training or provides vocational services.
Training agencies placing trainees with placement hosts may elect to have the trainees considered workers of the training agency during the placement. Only a training agency in an industry included in Schedule 1 or 2, however, may make such an election.
Mandatorily covered agency
A mandatorily covered training agency may choose to relieve the placement host of its responsibilities under the WSIA by electing to become the employer of its trainees. The election process requires that the training agency submit a written request to the WSIB.
Non-mandatorily covered agency
A non-mandatorily covered training agency not registered with the WSIB is required to apply for coverage for all of its workers before it can elect to be considered the employer of the trainees.
The election request and the application for insurance coverage must be submitted to the WSIB simultaneously.
A training agency with no workers other than its trainees must request by application Schedule 1 coverage for its trainees at the same time that it elects to be considered the employer of its trainees — that is, the requests must be made simultaneously. (Such a training agency is not required to obtain optional insurance, e.g., for its owners, partners or executive officers.)
For the policy on non-mandatorily covered employers who apply for WSIB coverage, see 12-01-02, Employer by Application.
Effect of election
When the WSIB receives notice of a training agency's election, the following rules apply to all trainees placed with, but who do not receive wages from, a placement host:
- The placement host is not the employer of the trainees for purposes of the (WSIA). The placement host, however, remains the employer of the trainees for purposes of s.28 ("Rights of Action").
- The training agency is the employer of the trainees for purposes of the WSIA, and is responsible for the related premiums and accident costs.
- The trainees are learners employed by the training agency.
The training agency becomes the deemed employer effective the date the WSIB receives the election request.
Cancellation of coverage
When a training agency terminates coverage for a trainee, the placement host becomes the employer responsible for the trainee on placement.
The timing of, and restrictions on, the cancellation of by application coverage or deemed employer status may affect the date a trainee's coverage with the training agency stops. For more information on the cancellation of by application coverage, see 12-01-02, Employer by Application.
A training agency may cancel its status as a trainee's deemed employer by providing written notice to the WSIB. The cancellation will take effect 120 days from the date the WSIB receives the written notice.
When a non-mandatorily covered training agency cancels coverage for both its regular workers and its trainees, coverage will be cancelled for its regular workers effective the date the WSIB receives the request for cancellation.
The cancellation of coverage for its trainees will take effect when the placement ends or when the 120-day period after notification ends, whichever happens first.
The training agency that has a placement that continues beyond the date its by application coverage ends for its regular workers is required:
- to inform the WSIB that trainees continue to be on placement, and
- to provide coverage for the trainee even though its by application coverage has ended.
A non-mandatorily covered training agency with trainees but no workers may simultaneously cancel both its by application coverage and its status as the trainees' employer. The cancellations take effect 120 days after the date the WSIB receives written notice from the training agency.
Responsibility as the trainee's employer automatically reverts to the placement host if the trainee's placement continues beyond the 120-day period.
When a training agency ceases to exist, both its training placement coverage and its by application coverage are cancelled by the WSIB on the date the business ends.
For a trainee on a placement, the following employer obligations apply to:
- the placement host (by default), or
- the training agency (if it has elected to be considered the employer).
The employer is obligated to:
- report and pay premiums based on the required insurable earnings to cover the trainee, and
- report any work-related injuries/diseases sustained by the trainee.
Calculating insurable earnings
Employers of trainees on placements pay, for each trainee, premiums based on 35% of the maximum insurable earnings. Maximum insurable earnings are set every year.
These premiums are expressed as a fixed daily rate (rounded up).
Steps for calculating the premiums for each trainee
Step 1: (maximum insurable earnings X 35%) ÷ 260 workdays = daily rate
Step 2: days worked x daily rate = insurable earnings
Step 3: (insurable earnings x premium rate) ÷100 = premium
Government funding of some training programs relieves the training program’s placement host of the obligation for payment of premiums and claims costs for a trainee. It is the placement host's responsibility to contact the training agency, if one is involved, and the relevant government body to determine whether the WSIB insurance costs are funded by the government. This verification is important because some government-funded programs may be discontinued in subsequent years.
The federal government funds the WSIB insurance costs for certain training participant programs. In these cases, therefore, the placement host is not obliged to pay premiums and is not responsible for any claims costs for these funded programs. The insurance costs are funded only if the placement host has either mandatory coverage or by application coverage with the WSIB.
Other training programs are available where insurance costs are not funded. The placement host (or the training agency if it has elected to be the employer) is obligated to provide WSIB coverage to participants in these programs if the placement host (or elected employer) has either mandatory coverage or by application coverage with the WSIB.
Ministry-funded provincial programs
Some government-sponsored programs are offered to trainees through various provincial ministries. The placement host must contact the ministry involved to determine whether the insurance costs for the trainee placement are funded by the government or must be funded by the placement host.
For more information on the program funded by the Ministry of Education, see 12-04-07, Pupils in Work Education Programs.
Ontario Works Program (provincial)
Both unpaid and paid participants under the Ontario Works Program are entitled to WSIB insurance coverage if the placement host (or the elected employer) has either mandatory coverage or by application coverage with the WSIB.
The Ontario ministry responsible for community and social services funds the WSIB insurance costs directly for Ontario Works' training participant programs but not for Ontario Works' other programs. This means that for most but not all programs, the placement host employer does not pay WSIB premiums and is not responsible for any claim costs for paid or unpaid trainees in the Ontario Works Program. The placement host is advised to contact the Ontario Works Program to verify who will be responsible for providing WSIB insurance. For more information about this program, see 12-04-06, Coverage for Ontario Works Participants.
This policy applies to all decisions made on or after January 1, 2021.
This document replaces 12-04-05 dated July 27, 2018.
This document was previously published as:
12-04-05 dated March 3, 2008
12-04-05 dated October 12, 2004
12-04-05 dated March 5, 2004
12-04-05 dated April 6, 2001
12-04-05 dated November 30, 2000.
Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, 1997, as amended
Sections 2(1), 69, 88(3), 88.1
#3, April 19, 2021, Page 595