Every January, the WSIB indexes ongoing benefits and amounts set out in legislation. Annual indexing protects against the effects of inflation over time by gradually increasing workers' and survivors' benefits and the amounts used to calculate those benefits.
The purpose of this policy is to identify the circumstances in which annual indexing applies, outline the factor and method used for annual indexing, and identify the period for which an indexed benefit is applicable.
Benefits subject to annual indexing
Annual indexing applies to the following benefit types:
- loss of earnings (LOE)
- non-economic loss (NEL) (periodic payments)
- survivors' (periodic payments)
- temporary disability
- future loss of earnings (FEL) and supplements, and
- permanent disability (PD) and supplements.
Amounts subject to annual indexing
Annual indexing applies to the amounts set out in the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, 1997 (WSIA), and also to amounts set out in the Workers' Compensation Act (WCA), as amended by the WSIA, that continue to apply to pre-1998 injuries/diseases (the Acts), see 18-01-02, Benefit Dollar Amounts - Accidents from 1998, and 18-01-03, Benefit Dollar Amounts - Accidents before 1998.
The maximum amounts of fines for offences outlined in s. 158(1) of the WSIA are not indexed, see 22-01-05, Offences and Penalties - General.
The indexing factor to be applied every January 1, for all entitlement periods on or after January 1, 2018, is the amount of the percentage change in the Consumer Price Index for Canada for all items, for the 12-month period ending on October 31 of the previous year, as published by Statistics Canada.
The indexing factor is published annually in 18-01-02, Benefit Dollar Amounts - Accidents from 1998 and 18-01-03, Benefit Dollar Amounts - Accidents before 1998.
The indexing factor is also used to update (escalate) pre-injury average earnings or average earnings at the time of most recent employment, as the case may be, for the purpose of calculating or recalculating a benefit, see 18-02-07, Calculating Net Average Earnings, 18-06-01, Calculating Temporary Total Disability Benefits (Accidents between 1985 and 1998), and 18-07-04, Calculating Permanent Disability Benefits.
Benefits are indexed if a worker or survivor is entitled to a payment as of December 31 of one calendar year and that entitlement continues into the next calendar year.
Benefits are indexed by applying the indexing factor to the benefit amount payable. For example, if a benefit amount is $500 per week and the indexing factor is 2 per cent, the indexed benefit amount is $510 per week.
In cases where a benefit has been reduced, the indexing factor is applied to the benefit amount prior to the reduction. Examples of this include, but are not limited to, circumstances where a benefit has been reduced due to a support deduction or due to a 50 per cent non-co-operation penalty.
Further information about indexing in the context of individual benefit types can be found in the benefit policies applicable to each benefit type (see Appendix).
Amounts set out in the Acts
On January 1 every year, amounts set out in the Acts are indexed by applying the indexing factor to the amounts as adjusted the preceding January 1. The indexed amounts are published annually in 18-01-02, Benefit Dollar Amounts - Accidents from 1998 and 18-01-03, Benefit Dollar Amounts - Accidents before 1998.
Benefits are paid based on the indexed benefit amount payable until the benefit is subject to further indexation, or a recalculation or entitlement to the benefit ends.
This policy applies to the identified benefits and amounts for entitlement periods on or after January 1, 2023, for all accidents.
This document replaces 18-01-14 dated April 9, 2021.
This document was previously published as:
18-01-14 dated December 1, 2020
18-01-04 dated January 2, 2018.
Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, 1997, as amended
Sections 49, 51, 52, 52.1, 107.1, 111
#10, December 21, 2022, page 610
|Benefit type||OPM document|
|FEL and supplements||
|Temporary disability benefits||
|PD and supplements||